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Dauge (Dozier), Peter

by Claudia A. Fry, 1986

7 Dec. 1739–1 Sept. 1801

Peter Dauge (Dozier), colonel and legislator, was born in Pasquotank County. The first of his family in America was Jacques D' Auge, who moved to Charleston, S.C., from the Province of Berry in France with a band of French Protestants in the early part of the eighteenth century. A son of the D' Auge family, Pierre, moved to Currituck County, N.C., and married Angelica Gregory. One of the large family of children born to this marriage was Peter Dauge, as the name had been anglicized. Around 1706 Peter Dauge crossed over into the Camden area where he met his bride. The interrelated Dauge, Fenner, Ferebee, Boushall, and Etheridge families mainly remained in the counties of Pasquotank and Camden, and some in the Piedmont of North Carolina.

At twenty-six, Dauge was appointed a road overseer in Camden. On 22 Apr. 1776, he was made a major in the Second Regiment of the Pasquotank militia. As second major his first task assigned by the Provincial Congress was for him and Dempsey Gregory to take the slaves belonging to the Tories Thomas McKnight, James Parker, and Robert Gilmore. McKnight's slaves were moved with dispatch in May 1777 by Dauge's regiment. On 3 May 1776, Dauge was appointed lieutenant colonel in the state militia from the district of Edenton; on 11 May 1776, he was given the rank of colonel. On 8 Aug. 1776, he was appointed lieutenant colonel of the Tenth North Carolina Regiment, Continental Line, which joined General George Washington in 1777 and fought throughout the Revolution. In November 1776 he was also appointed lieutenant colonel of the First Battalion, which was ordered to assist South Carolina.

From 1786 to 1790 Dauge was a member of the House of Commons. He and Lemuel Sawyer represented Camden and often split their votes. Dauge voted in favor of proposals to increase the jurisdiction of the justices of the peace, to prevent the sale of goods except for "hard money," and to abolish recompense for executed or outlawed slaves. Sawyer opposed all. On 20 Nov. 1787, while in the house, Dauge was added to the Committee of Claims and on 22 November he was added to the court of claims. The house on 4 Nov. 1788 appointed Dauge and others to act on as a Committee of Propositions and Grievances. On 3 November he was appointed to serve on the Committee of Privileges and Elections.

From 1790 to 1794, Dauge was a member of the state senate where his corepresentative from Camden was Lemuel Sawyer's son, Enoch. They generally voted together on important measures. On 2 Nov. 1790, Dauge was appointed to serve on "a committee to hear and report on such excuses as may be offered by members of this house who failed to give their attendence agreeable to law." Both Dauge and Enoch Sawyer were delegates to the Hillsborough and Fayetteville conventions of 1788 and 1789, respectively. In 1789 Dauge was named a trustee for the newly formed Currituck Seminary of Learning, and in 1799 he was appointed sheriff of Camden.

Dauge was granted 2,057 acres of land on which he developed a plantation. According to the census of 1790, he owned twelve slaves.

Dauge was married twice: first to Elizabeth Lamb, daughter of Thomas Lamb and Sarah Beckwith of Pasquotank; second to Margaret Sawyer Lamb, widow of Abner Lamb, of Camden. Of the first marriage there were five children, Isaac, Willoughby, Amelia (m. Ezekiel Trotman), Sophia, and Margaret. There were no children of the second marriage. Dauge died in Camden and was buried in the family cemetery at his plantation.


Walter Clark, ed., State Records of North Carolina, vols. 11, 18, 20, 21, 22 (1895–1907).

North Carolina Society of Sons of the American Revolution, Lineage Book of Past and Present Members of the North Carolina Society of Sons of the American Revolution (1951). (accessed September 19, 2014).

William C. Pool, "An Economic Interpretation of the Ratification of the Federal Constitution in North Carolina," North Carolina Historical Review 27 (1950).

Jessie H. Pugh, Three Hundred Years Along the Pasquotank (1957).

William L. Saunders, ed., Colonial Records of North Carolina, vol. 10 (1890).

Additional Resources:

Colonial and State Records Search, Documenting the American South, UNC Libraries:

Colonial and State Records of North Carolina Docuements created by Peter Dauge:

Jessie H. Pugh, Three Hundred Years Along the Pasquotank (1957):

Peter Dauge Family Bible Records. 1739-1812. (accessed September 19, 2014).

Dauge - Martin - Shepard Family Bible Records. 1727-1956. (accessed September 19, 2014).

Origin - location: 


According to a family tree, which took me forever, I am related to Peter D'auge, i.e. Dauge. Didn't know the surname had morphed all the way from there. Met a number of French when I lived in Japan who said they could easily tell Dozier meant a maker of tapestries. Now I'm wondering what D'auge means? :)

I'm looking for info on Tully doziers father ...Tully had a son Solomon b dozier which the name changed from the dozier to Dosier of my spelling 2 generations latter but never mind that..some suggest Tullys father was Nathan but I can't find the info on him I don't know if that's Nathan duage and the spelling changed with Tully ...any help would be nice ...thank you all

Jason, hope you still get alerts for this, but I am currently tracing my last name and it has led to my great great great grandfather Tully Smith Dozier married to Nancy Dozier(maiden name Bonney). On my side I have come up with Dennis Dozier, possibly Dennis Dauge.

What proof is available to say D'Auge sir name became Dozier?

Hi Dennis,

Thank you for visiting NCpedia and sharing your question.

That's a very good question. I have been through a number of the resources used to write this article and nothing has jumped out on this with the exception of the reference in the Sons of the American Revolution Lineage Book (you'll a link to the digitized version).  According to the book, the name D'Auge may have been spelled with an aigu accent on the "e" which could very well explain the alternate and more phonetic spelling "Dozier".  During this time period it was not uncommon for folks to write their names with different spellings and to have a range of spellings for words in general. It is also possible that the alternate spelling was used by another family member or by one of his children.

You may also want to look through the bible records (also digitized) that are listed with the entry.  There may be a lead there as well.  

If you do happen to come across a reference, please share it with NCpedia!

Best wishes,

Kelly Agan, Government & Heritage Library

The Dauge family bible states that Peter Dauge's first wife was Elizabeth Williams, the daughter of Ludwick and Dorothy Williams.

She was not Elizabeth Lamb, the daughter of Thomas Lamb and Sarah Beckwith, as the biography erroneously asserts.

The bible further states that Peter Dauge's second wife was Margaret and that this couple had three daughters whose names and dates of birth it provides.

It is therefore not accurate, per the biography, that Peter and Margaret had no children.

Because we have access to a very valuable primary source (i.e. the bible) that discounts the claims asserted by the secondary source (i.e. the biography), we should discount the claims made by the secondary source and call into question all of the work published by the author of the secondary source.

For reference, the Dauge family bible is available at the North Carolina State Archives.

Dear Meghan,

Thank you for visiting NCpedia and letting us know about this additional information.  

We appreciate it when readers share additional information and resources through their comments.  Your contribution will be available for other readers to consider. In the meantime, we will investigate this resource as well as a number of other resources.  I do note that there is some disagreement among the three sources we have citing the family history -- namely, the Lineage Book of the Sons of the American Revolution and Pugh's Three Hundred Years Along the Pasquotank.  The bible records you have noted provide a hand-written list of Dauge's marriages and children, although no official documentation of these events.  We often find that genealogy records for this time period contain discrepancies or potential controversies since there was very little in the way of "official" documentation kept.  We often end up noting these disagreements in NCpedia entries. The Dauge and Dauge-Martin family records from the State Archives that you mention have been digitzed and are now available online through the NC Digital Collections and I have added them to the resources for this entry.

Thank you again and best wishes!

Kelly Agan, Government & Heritage Library

looking for information on my ancestry of the fenner family in craven county robert fenner and annie dudley deborah dove hattie carter

William Dozier ANCESTRY Barton Creek, North Carolina 1870 HELP ME!

Hi Barbara,

If you would like help with researching NC family history, please visit the NC Government & Heritage Library website for more information:

Best of luck with your research!

Kelly Agan, Government & Heritage Library


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