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This article is from the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, 6 volumes, edited by William S. Powell. Copyright ©1979-1996 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

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Jones, Calvin

by Dorothy Long, 1988; Revised by SLNC Government and Heritage Library, March 2023

2 Apr. 1775–20 Sept. 1846

Portrait of Jones. He is wearing a scarf and jacket. He has longer hair that is pulled back, a cleft chin, and he has a stern expression. Calvin Jones, physician, politician, and newspaper publisher, was born near Sheffield, Mass. His father, Ebenezer Jones, was of Welsh ancestry, a descendant of Thomas Ap Jones, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1651. His mother was a descendant of William Blackmore, who came from England in 1665. Both parents were interested in their children's education, and Calvin apparently studied in the local schools and certainly read widely, but there is no evidence that he attended a college or university. It is likely that he apprenticed himself at about age fourteen to a local physician practicing in the Berkshires, and it is certain that in 1792, when he was seventeen, he received a certificate from the United Medical Society (now the Litchfield County Medical Association of Connecticut) which entitled him to practice medicine.

For some time Jones practiced in Freehold, N.Y., and there published A Treatise on the Scarlet Fever, or Canker-Rash; its preface was dated 10 Dec. 1793. In 1795 he moved to Smithfield, N.C., where he practiced for about eight years. In 1799 he was one of the small group of physicians who organized the first North Carolina Medical Society, serving as corresponding secretary during its five years of existence. Jones was also influential in the introduction of vaccination for smallpox in the state. The Raleigh Register for 11 Mar. 1800 contained a notice that he would inoculate against smallpox in April, but this was postponed to the following year. In 1801 he published in the Register a long letter on Jenner's vaccination for smallpox, which he urged physicians and the public to accept instead of the inoculation procedure. In 1799 and 1802, he was a member of the North Carolina House of Commons from Johnston County.

About 1803 Jones moved to Raleigh and became involved in various activities in addition to medicine. In 1807 he was elected to the House of Commons from Wake County. In association with Thomas Henderson he edited and published the Raleigh Star for several years, served as mayor (then called intendent of police) of Raleigh, and was active in the Masonic Order. In 1817 and 1819 he was Grand Master of Masons in North Carolina. Jones also served as adjutant general of the state militia for five years, including the period of the War of 1812. He invested in land, both in North Carolina and in Tennessee.

Jones continued his medical practice, read widely in scientific journals, published several articles between 1808 and 1819, and, while living in Wake Forest, taught several medical students. He was particularly interested in ophthalmology and became well known for his skill in removing cataracts. In addition to his interest in medical education, Jones served as a trustee of the Raleigh Academy and from 1802 to 1832 as a trustee of The University of North Carolina, to which he donated books for its library and his collection of "artificial and natural curiosities." In 1832 he sold Wake Forest, his 615-acre plantation near Raleigh, to the Baptist State Convention, and it became the site of Wake Forest College. At this time he moved to Bolivar, in West Tennessee, where he owned much land, and built a home, Pontine. The state of Tennessee bought his estate, where it built the Western Hospital for the Insane.

While living in Raleigh, Jones had been engaged to Ruina J. Williams, who died of tuberculosis in 1809. In 1819 he married her sister, Temperance Boddie Williams Jones, the widow of Dr. Thomas C. Jones. Their children were Montezuma (1822–1914); Octavia Rowena (1826–1917), who married Edward Polk of Bolivar; and Paul Tudor (1828–1904).

At one time there were three copies of Jones's portrait, the original of which hung in his home at Bolivar and later was taken by one of his descendants to Dallas, Tex. The copies were located at Wake Forest and in the Adjutant General's Office and the Grand Lodge Hall (Masonic) in Raleigh. The one at Wake Forest was later destroyed by fire.

Additional information from NCpedia editors at the State Library of North Carolina: 

This person enslaved and owned other people. Many Black and African people, their descendants, and some others were enslaved in the United States until the Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery in 1865. It was common for wealthy landowners, entrepreneurs, politicians, institutions, and others to enslave people and use enslaved labor during this period. To read more about the enslavement and transportation of African people to North Carolina, visit To read more about slavery and its history in North Carolina, visit - Government and Heritage Library, 2023


S. R. Bruesch, "Calvin Jones, 1775–1846," Bulletin of the History of Medicine, vol. 31 (1957).

M. D. Haywood, Calvin Jones: Physician, Soldier, and Freemason, 1775–1846 (1919).

Calvin Jones Papers (Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina Library, Chapel Hill).

D. Long, "Notes on the History of the Medical Society," North Carolina Medical Journal 15 (1954).

Additional Resources:

Canady, Andrew McNeill. "From the Forest of Wake to Wake Forest College." Slavery, Race and Memory Project. Wake Forest University. (accessed March 28, 2023).

"Dr. Calvin Jones." Wake Forest Historical Museum. July 23, 2013. (accessed September 12, 2013).

Jones Family Papers 1784-1940. Tennessee State Library and Archives. Tennessee Department of State. (accessed September 12, 2013).

"Building: Jones, Calvin House (Wake Forest, Wake County, North Carolina)." Historic Architecture Research. Project Records (UA110.041). Special Collections Research Center at NCSU Libraries. North Carolina State University.[work_facet][]=Jones%2C+Calvin+House+%28Wake+Forest%2C+N.C.%29 (accessed September 12, 2013).

"The Stumbling Stone Project." Wake Forest Historical Museum. October 13, 2022. (accessed March 28, 2023).

Image Credits:

"Major-General Calvin Jones Grand Master of Masons 1817-1820." Calvin Jones, physician, soldier and freemason, 1775-1846. [Oxford, N.C.] Press of Oxford orphanage. 1919. (accessed September 12, 2013).