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This article is from the Encyclopedia of North Carolina edited by William S. Powell. Copyright © 2006 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

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by Terry M. Harper, 2006"The Grove", Halifax, NC, home of Willie Jones. Image courtesy of the East Carolina University Libraries.

Grove, built in the late eighteenth century, was the home of Willie Jones (1741-1801), a leading North Carolina planter and Anti-Federalist politician. Situated in a grove of native white oaks near the town of Halifax, it is believed to have been the first tripartite, or T-plan, house in North Carolina. This plan, which features a two-story, pedimental central block flanked by one-story wings, was a popular house type among Roanoke River planters. Of particular interest was a large bay window placed so that Jones could view his flower garden and beyond it a private racetrack and his prized horses. The house remained standing, but in dilapidated condition, until early in the twentieth century, when it collapsed completely. In 1969 the Daughters of the American Revolution deeded the 3-acre tract of land containing the ruins of the Willie Jones house and the grave of his young daughter to the state of North Carolina, which subsequently sold it to the Historic Halifax Restoration Association, Inc. None of the beloved trees for which the house was named, and that Jones's will stated "are to be held sacred from the ax," remain.


Catherine W. Bishir, North Carolina Architecture (1990).

Mills Lane, Architecture of the Old South: North Carolina (1985).

Blackwell P. Robinson, "Willie Jones of Halifax, Part One," NCHR 18 (January 1941).

Robinson, "Willie Jones of Halifax, Part Two," NCHR 18 (April 1941).

Image Credit:

"The Grove", Halifax, NC, home of Willie Jones. Image courtesy of the East Carolina University Libraries. Available from (accessed August 17, 2012).

Additional Resources:

Willie Jones, NC Historical Marker E-9, North Carolina Office of Archives & History

Origin - location: